Joseph A. Mastropaolo found that total serum cholesterol could be lowered significantly with high intensity exercise of as little as 15 minutes a day. Diet was measured and weighed and physical activity was measured and controlled. Further, the effect of a very low fat diet (for 30 days, one jar of baby veal per day plus bread and jam to maintain body weight) was to keep total cholesterol depressed for six months rather than the usual 30 days.
With fast response electronic gas analyzers and a spirometer, continuous metabolic rates proved that there was indeed a steady state in the last half minute of the popular continuous exercise test to evaluate coronary heart disease patients. For more than 10 years, other investigators used less exact heart rates for validation.
With monitored bicycle ergometry training, middle-aged men had their blood pressures, heart rates, and ventilations lowered significantly, while estimated maximal metabolic rates were significantly increased. As determined by ECG and time line, maximal heart rates also were increased.
Two monographs on life in space were published, one for humans and one for laboratory animals. Specifications for the Manned Orbiting Animal Research Facility were determined. An exercise device engaging 88% of the body’s major musculoskeletal system was designed for extended manned space missions and a patent was obtained. In orbit stowed, the entire device would take less room than a shoe box and weigh less than five pounds.
The first database program was designed and successfully tested on two naval aviation safety contracts deemed unexecutable. For more than 1,000 variables on more than 20,000 pilots, the analysis of naval aviation accidents was reduced from one week to less than 24 hours and credited for saving many lives and many hundreds of thousands of dollars in aircraft..
For an aeromedical evacuation aircraft competition, the scores were tied for two rounds. I was asked to attend the third round and asked the presiding general why there were 800 pounds of lead curtains surrounding the intensive care area. He replied to acoustically shield the area for the detection of vital signs. I asked if he would be willing to trade the 800 pounds for 8 ounces. He gave me a $10,000 grant, I built an electronic stethoscope, with miniaturization to preserve its look as an ordinary stethoscope, that functioned well in two different kinds of evacuation aircraft and won the contract for our company worth 500 million dollars.
I put together a team of 21 engineers to try to win the prize for manpowered flight. When it came time for some modest funding, the company directors declined to provide any funding at all. I quit the company and went to work at a nearby university. Paul Mac Cready stopped by one day with a sketch of a manpowered airplane on a brown paper bag. I suggested that the pilot-engine be trained on an ergometer-simulator and he agreed. The metabolic storm training on the simulator lengthened the record flight from one-quarter mile to 32 miles and won both manpowered flight prizes (the first for $85,000 and the second for $210,000). Before the cross-channell flight Paul asked how long the pilot could last. From the training records, I estimated 170 minutes and he landed in 169 minutes completely exhausted. The Royal Aeronautical Society awarded me a medal, their highest honor for physiology.
The metabolic storm conversion of muscle cells was successfully applied to 12 sports on land, sea and air, with elite athletes, old and young, men and women, exceeding their lifetime best records. One of the experiments solved the old enigma of why improving strength required training with heavy weights, but the heaviest weights did not produce the best results. The best results were produced with the weight that gave the greatest power, and that had to be determined by analyses every 25 milliseconds during each lift. The software permitting those analyses was programmed in assembly language by Richard G. Petersen, the last and most talented physicist-engineer to work on the Manned Orbiting Laboratory project at the Douglas Air and Space Center in Huntington Beach, California.
A simplified system of kinesiological analysis was devised for the body’s major musculature and was published under the title, Kinesiology for the Public Schools. Though simplified to six movements from 32, and three planes from many more, it was significantly more accurate compared to electromyography. It also gave complete systems for muscle masses and muscle cross-sectional areas as translated from several German references, which even the most advanced university texts did not give. It thereby gave the student the means to evaluate the most efficient execution of any skill and the most effective movements to obtain generalized physiological benefits to ward off coronary heart disease, or diabetes, or obesity, and so on. It also provided the means to design the most effective training for extended manned space missions. The book stayed in print for 40 years.
Joseph Mastropaolo has a B.S., M.S., Ph.D. in kinesiology and a three-year Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship with the National Heart Institute of the National Institutes of Health in human physiology (possibly the equivalent of the European habilitation). As Aerospace Physiologist for Douglas Space Systems, he published two monographs on life in space, one for humans and one for experimental animals. For saving lives and aircraft, he innovated the first database program to manage in one-fifth the time the accident files of 20,000 naval aviators for 1,000 variables and received a Vice-Presidential Award for Aerospace Safety. He received a Vice Presidential Award for Aerospace Medicine for engineering the first aeromedical electronic stethoscope. He also received a patent for a crew conditioning device for extended manned space missions and engineered the life support specifications for the Manned Orbiting Animal Research Facility. He taught biomechanics and physiology at California State University, Long Beach for 26 years and was the engine physiologist for the Gossamer Condor and Gossamer Albatross human powered flight projects which earned a medal in physiology from the Royal Aeronautical Society for the Kremer Cross Channel Challenge. He built five unique laboratories and was principal investigator for 17 grants to support the pure and applied research that resulted in the publication of 24 science articles in peer reviewed science journals. He discovered the maximum-power stimulus theory for changing the physiology and biomechanics of muscle cells which simplified, unified, and exceeded the various theories of strength and endurance for maximum performance, including the best records for performance enhancement from drugs. He also uncovered the fact that all natural objects in the universe are originals and that there are no duplicates. His inference to everything includes the entire universe.
Joseph Mastropaolo may be the only scientist that has caused the evolutionist community to do a 180 degree about-face. In 2001 on the cover of Time magazine, the ape-man, Ardipithecus ramidus kadabba, was shown leaving its arboreal habitat and taking to the plains of Africa on its way to becoming a human being. After An Objective Ancestry Test for Fossil Bones was published, in a peer reviewed science journal, showing that Ardi’s single toe bone was human, with no mosaic characteristics of monkeys or apes (see All Ape-men are frauds), then the evolutionists had to change their tall tale in Science to Ardi was a human evolving (sic, devolving) to an ape. It is astounding what can be accomplished with a pencil, a ruler, and 200 words of classical science.
He may be reached at: firstname.lastname@example.org .