Photographs of 24 different breeds of chickens were examined. All were originals. No duplicates were found. The probability of finding 24 originals with no duplicates was 1 chance in 2^24 chances, about 16 million chances. See the figure above. The evidence seemed ample to conclude that all chickens are originals.

Photographs of eight different breeds of ducks were inspected. They were all originals. There were no duplicates. If a person were to believe that all ducks are originals, then the chances of being wrong would be 1 chance in 256 chances. See the figure above.

Eight different breeds of geese were inspected. All were originals. There were no duplicates. If one were to believe that all geese are originals, then the chances of being wrong would be 1 chance in 256 chances. See the figure above.

Seven different breeds of turkeys were inspected. They all were originals. There were no duplicates. If one were to believe that all turkeys are originals, then the chances of being wrong would be 1 chance in 128 chances. See the figure above.

Taken altogether, the chickens and the ducks and the geese and the turkeys, if one were believe that all of these birds are originals, then the chances of being wrong would be 1 chance in 1/2^24+8+8+7, or 1 chance in 1/2^47, 1 chance in more than a trillion chances. That seemed ample evidence to conclude that all of these birds are originals. For other birds, see the latest book.